Calcium Fluoride – CaF2

lenses, windows, mirrors, filters and prism

 

 

Calcium Fluoride (CaF2) can be used for optical windows, lenses, prisms and blanks in the Ultraviolet to Infrared region. Calcium Fluoride is a relatively hard material, being twice as hard as Barium Fluoride. Calcium Fluoride is grown by the Stockbarger technique. Calcium Fluoride material for Infra-red use is grown using naturally mined fluorite, in large quantities at a relatively low cost. Chemically prepared raw material is usually used for UV applications.

Calcium Fluoride has a very low refractive index which allows it to be used without an anti reflective coating. Calcium Fluoride windows with polished surfaces are stable and will last several years under normal conditions until temperatures rise to 600°C when it starts to soften. In dry conditions Calcium Fluoride has maximum operating temperature of 800°C. Calcium Fluoride windows can be used as a laser crystal or radiation detection crystal by doping it with the appropriate rare earth elements. Calcium Fluoride is a chemically and physically stable crystal with excellent water resistant, chemical resistant and heat resistant characteristics. Calcium Fluoride offers low absorption and high transmission ranging from Vacuum Ultraviolet 125nm to Infra-red 8 microns. Also since Calcium Fluoride has unique optical dispersion, it can be used as an achromatic lens combined with other optical materials.

All of these properties encourage Calcium Fluoride’s wide use in astronomy, photography, microscopy, HDTV optics and medical laser instruments. Calcium Fluoride windows can be manufactured from vacuum ultraviolet grade Calcium Fluoride which are commonly found in cryogenically cooled thermal imaging systems. As Calcium Fluoride is physically stable and chemically inert with superior hardness, it is the choice material for microlithography and laser optics applications. Achromatic Calcium Fluoride lenses can be used in both cameras and telescopes to reduce light dispersion and in the oil and gas industry as a component in detectors and spectrometers.

Global Optics (UK) Ltd. Can supply custom manufactured parts to your specification with both exceptional quality and very competitive prices. Calcium Fluoride lenses, Calcium Fluoride prisms, Calcium Fluoride mirrors and Calcium Fluoride blanks can all be manufactured with various dimensions, tolerances and orientations. Global Optics is also able to supply Calcium Fluoride doublets, Calcium Fluoride polished domes and Calcium Fluoride wedges.

Transmission Range 0.13 – 10 microns
Crystal Structure Fluorite
Cleavage Plane 111
Colour Colourless
Density 3.179 (25°)
Melting Point (°) 1360
Reflection Loss 5.6% (4µ) for 2 surfaces
Solubility index 0.0015gm/100gm water at 20 °C
Hardness (Knoop) 158.3(110) 158.3(100)
Thermal Conductivity (cal/cm sec°C) 2.32x10-2 (36°C)
Thermal Expansion coefficient (/°C) 24x10-6/20-60°C

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