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PICTURES Calcium Fluoride Lenses

Calcite is a mineral that is widely used in optics due to its unique optical properties. Calcite is a naturally occurring crystal that belongs to the carbonate mineral group. Calcite crystals are transparent to opaque and have a wide range of colors, including white, gray, yellow, green, blue, and red.

Calcite is birefringent, which means that it has two different indices of refraction, depending on the polarization and direction of light passing through it. This property makes calcite useful in polarization optics, where it is used to separate and analyze different polarization states of light.

Calcite is commonly used to make polarizers, retardation plates, prisms, and beam displacers for a variety of applications, including microscopy, spectroscopy, and laser systems. Calcite optics are also used in geology, where they are used to identify different mineral samples based on their unique birefringence properties.

Calcite optics can be manufactured using several methods, including cleaving, grinding, and polishing. Cleaving involves breaking a calcite crystal along its natural cleavage planes to create a flat surface. Grinding and polishing involve shaping and smoothing the surface of a calcite crystal to create a desired optical shape.

One of the main advantages of calcite optics is their high transmittance over a broad range of wavelengths, from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared. They also have good chemical and mechanical stability, and can be easily shaped and polished to high precision. However, they can be relatively expensive and have a relatively low refractive index compared to other optical materials.

Calcite - CaCO3

Infrared scan created with the PerkinElmer Spectrum 10.5.2

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Physical Properties

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