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PICTURES Calcium Fluoride Lenses

Gallium arsenide - GaAs

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound semiconductor material that has a wide range of optical applications. It is a crystalline material with a zinc-blende crystal structure and is typically grown using epitaxial techniques.

GaAs has several optical properties that make it useful in a variety of applications. It has a high refractive index, which means that it can be used to make lenses and optical elements with a high degree of light bending. It also has a high absorption coefficient, which makes it useful in applications that require high-speed detection or modulation of light.

GaAs optics are commonly used in the fields of telecommunications, infrared imaging, and laser technology. They are used as lenses, windows, mirrors, and filters in devices such as optical modulators, infrared cameras, and laser diodes.

GaAs optics can be manufactured using a variety of techniques, including epitaxial growth, ion beam milling, and wet etching. Epitaxial growth involves growing a layer of GaAs on a substrate using a process such as metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Ion beam milling and wet etching are used to shape and polish the GaAs material into the desired shape.

One of the main advantages of GaAs optics is their high optical performance. They have a high refractive index, low dispersion, and high absorption coefficients, which makes them ideal for use in high-speed and high-resolution optical systems. However, GaAs is relatively expensive compared to other optical materials, and it is also a toxic material, which requires careful handling and disposal procedures.

Infrared scan created with the PerkinElmer Spectrum 10.5.2

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A selection of prisms

Physical Properties

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