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PICTURES Calcium Fluoride Lenses

Potassium Chloride – KCL

Optical potassium chloride (KCl) is a high-purity form of KCl that is commonly used as a material for optical components. It is a colourless and crystalline solid that has a face-centered cubic crystal structure.

Optical KCl is highly transparent in the infrared (IR) region, making it an ideal material for use in IR optics. It has a wide transmission range, from the near-ultraviolet (UV) to the far-IR region. It is also highly refractive, which makes it useful in the construction of lenses, prisms, and other optical components.

One of the unique properties of optical KCl is its low birefringence, which makes it useful in polarizing optics. It can be used to construct polarizers, beam splitters, and other polarization-sensitive optical components.

Optical KCl is also useful in the construction of IR spectroscopy cells, which are used in chemical analysis. It is highly resistant to chemical attack by most acids and alkalis, which makes it ideal for use in harsh chemical environments.

However, optical KCl is a hygroscopic material, which means it can absorb moisture from the environment. This can cause it to degrade over time and affect its optical properties. Therefore, it is important to store and handle optical KCl properly to prevent moisture from contaminating the material.

In summary, optical potassium chloride (KCl) is a highly transparent and refractive material that is widely used in IR optics and spectroscopy applications. Its low birefringence and chemical resistance make it valuable in various optical systems. However, its hygroscopic nature requires proper handling and storage to maintain its optical properties.

Infrared scan created with the PerkinElmer Spectrum 10.5.2

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Physical Properties

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