Penta prism can deviate an incident beam without inverting or reversing to 90. The deviation angle of 90 is independent of any rotation of the prism about an axis parallel to the line of intersection of the two reflecting faces. It is commonly used in Plumb Level, Surveying, Alignment, Rangefinding and Optical Tooling
Beamsplitter penta prism
By adding a wedge and with partial reflective coating on surfaces S1, it can be used as a beamsplitter. It is often used in Plumb Level, Surveying, Alignment, Rangefinding and Optical Tooling.
Right angle prism
Right angle prism is deviating or deflecting a beam of light with 90° or 180°.It is often used in telescope, periscope and other optical system.
Dove prism has two applications. The main application is used as a rotator. It can rotate an image but without deviating the beam. And when the prism is rotated about the input parallel ray through some angle, the image rotates through twice that angle. It is very important that the application must be used with parallel or collimated beam and the large square reflective surface should be kept very clean. Another application is used as a retroreflector. For this application it performs as a right-angle prism.
Roof prism is combined with a right angle prism and a totally internally reflecting roof and they are attached by them largest square surfaces. It can invert and reverse an image, also, deflect the image 90° . Therefore, it is often used in terrestrial telescopes, viewing systems and rangefinders.
Corner cube retroreflectors
It has three mutually perpendicular surfaces and a hypotenuse face. Light entering through the hypotenuse is reflected by each of the three surfaces in turn and will emerge through the hypotenuse face parallel to the entering beam regardless of the orientation of the incident beam., it is often used for distance measurement, optical signal process and laser interferometer.
These two prisms can expand or contract the beam in one direction without any changes in the other direction. By adjusting the angles among the incident beam and two prisms, the shape of the beam can be changed. It is very easy to turn elliptical beam into circular beam.